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(5) Keep close to the fence on the left as the climb upwards gradually reveals Ingleborough in the distance. The cairns stand on a plateau strewn with large limestone boulders. Do not follow the line of the cairns but keep close to the fence and continue up the fell avoiding the marshy ground.

(6) On reaching the shoulder of Great Knoutberry, the tranquil waters of Widdale Great Tarn can be seen down to the left with a tantalising peek of Wensleydale beyond. The upland area is a haven for wildlife and an important habitat for Black Grouse, Curlews and Skylarks.

(7) On reaching the trig point at 2205 feet above sea level, enjoy the spectacular views of the western half of the Yorkshire Dales and beyond. On a clear day the curvaceous line of the Dentdale valley can be seen nestling between Crag Hill on the left and Rise Hill on the right, with the Howgill Fells and the Lake District Peaks beyond.

To the south is the Three Peaks and Pendle Hill, in the east is the Widdale valley, whilst to the north nestles Garsdale, Mallerstang and the North Pennine hills in the far distance.

(8) Don't cross over the stiles, instead continue to follow the fence on the left which marks the county boundary between Cumbria and Yorkshire. Cross Pits Colliery used to be on the right at the lower part of the slope. All traces of the workings have long since gone.

(9) There is a substantial stile at the bottom of the slope, cross over it onto a bridleway and turn immediately right. This was originally an old drover's route used by the communities of the western dales to travel to the market town of Hawes and beyond.

(10) After a short distance go through a gate into Arten Gill proper. For those who took the option to walk the level path at point 4 the two bridleways meet at this point. On the left is an information board with a summary of Arten Gill's distant and most recent past. Continue down the hill.

(11) As the path descends the magnificent Arten Gill Viaduct comes into view. It is 117 feet high and 220 yards long and has 11 arches spanning the gill. Steam trains can be